Thousands of individuals die from rabies infection on a yearly basis. Most of these deaths occur in Africa and Asia though this type of infection is also reported on every continent. Millions of individuals receive vaccinations after being bitten by dogs, thus preventing deaths. Most of the cases of infections all over the globe are due to dog bites. The indications of rabies are considered distinctive and can manifest within days or weeks after being bitten.
If you suspect that an individual has been bitten by an animal suspected of carrying the rabies virus, it is important that you know how to properly take care of the wound. All you have to do is to enroll in a first aid course in Kelowna today.
What are the primary symptoms of rabies?
It is important to note that regardless of the type of rabies that develops, the primary symptoms of infection are still the same. The symptoms that you have to watch out for include fatigue, fever, headache, unexplained tingling, increasing pain at the bite site and burning at the bite site. The virus that is responsible for rabies spreads through the central nervous system and eventually gives rise to one or two forms of the disease – paralytic rabies or furious rabies. The two types of rabies have their own distinct characteristics that you should be familiar with.
What is paralytic rabies?
Paralytic rabies is responsible for about 30% of rabies infections in humans. This type is fatal and takes some time to develop. The muscles of the individual become paralyzed first at the bite site and it progresses all over the body. After some time, the individual enters into a state of coma and eventually dies.
What is furious rabies?
As for furious rabies, it is the prevalent form of rabies infection. The indications that occur from furious rabies include hallucinations, hyperactivity, and thirst, and insomnia, difficulty swallowing and even panic when the individual is presented with something to drink. After a span of a few days, death occurs once the lungs and heart shuts down.
What to do if the symptoms manifest?
It is important to note that once the clinical indications of rabies occur, the infection is almost always fatal. An individual who has been bitten by a dog or any animal that is a potential carrier of rabies such as raccoons, bats, foxes, skunks, coyotes and rodents must seek immediate medical attention. The animal should be detained for rabies testing. In case the animal is not available for testing or confirmed to be positive for rabies, the individual must undergo immediate vaccination in order to prevent the development of the disease. Always bear in mind that there is no diagnostic tests that can detect rabies in an individual who sustained a bite before the symptoms start to manifest.