CPR or cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a life-saving technique that everyone should be capable of executing in times of emergencies. Being familiar with the basics is definitely an advantage.
Basic steps in CPR
Shake and shout
Hold the individual by the shoulders and vigorously shake to wake him/her up. In case the individual could not be awakened, call for emergency assistance.
Do not spend a long time attempting to wake the individual. If this does not work in 5 seconds, call for emergency assistance right away.
Remember that at this point, you are attempting the least invasive treatment before moving up to an aggressive approach. A quick shake and should can be done, but if the individual does not respond, do not hesitate to call for help.
Call for emergency assistance
Call for help if the individual does not wake up after giving him/her a “shake and shout”. If the dispatcher on the other end of the phone provide instructions, carefully follow them.
If the victim is an unconscious adult, make sure that an ambulance is on the way. Even before starting CPR, you have to call for help.
First, imagine a line amidst the nipples of the victim and position your hands on the middle of the chest right below the line. You have to push hard and fast at about 2 times per second.
For those who have not taken CPR training, continue to push on the chest until the medical team arrives or the individual awakens and conveys you to stop.
For those who had CPR training, push on the chest 30 times and deliver 2 breaths. You have to perform the cycle of 30 chest compressions and 2 rescue breaths again until the emergency team arrives on the scene or the individual wakes up.
Compression of the chest helps move blood up to the brain to keep it alive until the heart can be restored again. It is vital to maintain the flow of blood without delay. Remember that any interruption in providing chest compression can drastically affect how well the blood flows. It is also important how fast and how deep the compressions are performed and releasing after every push. When performing the compressions, the hands should not bounce but lift the whole body weight off the individual in between every compression.