Knee injuries are quite common among athletes since movements such as jumping or running as well as fast turning place substantial force on the knees. Depending on the initial symptoms experienced by the individual, the injury might be linked to a variety of conditions and entail specific form of treatment. The knee joint is comprised of bone, ligaments, cartilage and fluid. Once an individual sustained a knee injury, it can affect any or all of these tissues.
What are the usual symptoms?
A knee injury typically occurs in various ways. Aside from the pain or discomfort, the initial symptoms include redness, swelling and warmth over the knee. The joint will feel stiff or lock up completely, making it hard or even impossible to straighten out the leg. There is also a popping noise if the bones are involved. Remember that the pain can be sharp or dull.
When to consult a doctor
In some circumstances, it is vital to seek medical care as soon as possible. Once the symptoms include severe swelling or evident deformity in the knee and leg structure, it is vital to seek medical care. Similarly, if the individual could not put any weight on the affected leg, could not completely flex the knee or there is fever, a doctor must be consulted or seek emergency care.
Caring for knee injuries
When in doubt about the knee injury, it is best to seek medical care. Nevertheless, in some circumstances, it is enough to manage the knee issue at home. If the pain is minimal and not accompanied by other serious symptoms, basic care such as resting, application of ice and use of over-the-counter oral or topical pain medications are recommended.
Avoid putting any stress on the affected joint by encouraging the individual to rest and keep the knee elevated. The elevation will reduce the flow of blood to the area, thus minimizing the swelling. An ice pack covered in a clean cloth or towel can also reduce the swelling. The application should be done for 20 minutes at a time to avoid damage on the skin or nerves.
In addition, compression bandages can also minimize the swelling and provide stability, particularly when the individual gets back on his/her feet. You can learn more about these measures if you will enroll in a first aid class today.
What are the potential causes?
The knee pain might indicate a minor injury or an underlying disorder. Injury to the meniscus is considered common particularly during quick twisting or rotating movements. Injuries to the cruciate ligament or sprains are tears in one of the ligaments that are caused by abrupt impact.
Tendinitis is a condition that affects the tendons of the knee and typically triggered by the impact of landing on the ground after jumping. In addition, chondromalacia is a condition that involves tears in the cartilage or even breakage of bone during rigorous exercise.