General First Aid Procedures

First Aid is the application of limited care of a sick or injured person until professional medical personnel arrive. The idea behind it is to provide a fast, albeit stop gap, a treatment that consists of simple techniques that can be learned by taking First Aid and CPR courses. During the course of the class, the student will learn how to assess and react to situations that require quick medical attention.

    • Strains and sprains: When dealing with simple sprains or strains, just follow RICE –
      • R for rest. The affected limb should rest on a surface that would provide it with adequate support.
        Managing dislocations

        Managing dislocations

      • I for ice. Place ice or a cold compress on the affected area to reduce the swelling.
      • C for compress. Put gentle pressure on the strain. Pad it with foam or cotton and secure it with a cloth bandage.
      • E for elevation. Make sure the limb is elevated to minimize the blood flow to the sprained area.
    • Dislocated or Fractured Bones
      • Don’t move the affected area, especially if the injury is in critical areas like the neck. Make sure the patient keeps still and that the injured area has adequate support.
      • Create a sling to support and immobilize an arm that might be dislocated or fractured.
      • Use splints for support. Choose any long but firm object and try to splint the injured area to another body part if possible.
      • Dislocated bones or fractures that have open wounds are tricky and sensitive. Make sure that the bleeding is controlled. Use a sterile dressing and put pressure if necessary.
    • Fainting
      • Most of the time, this loss of consciousness is very brief and a full recovery can happen in as short as two minutes.
      • Lay the victim down and raise their legs. Recovery goes faster if the victim is laying flat on his or her back.
      • Loosen clothing around the neck that might restrict airways, check the breathing and pulse.
      • If the victim is vomiting, put him or her in the recovery position so choking is prevented.
    • Convulsions or Seizures
      • A convulsion or seizure is an involuntary but violent contraction or spasm of the muscle that can be caused by epilepsy, a hard knock on the head or sudden illness. This is often followed by unconsciousness or another round of seizures.
      • Lay the victim down in a safe area. Make sure the immediate area is cleared of any object that the victim might hit. Support the head with something soft.
      • Loosen clothing around the neck to ensure that the victim can breathe easily.
      • Never put anything between the victim’s teeth or in their mouth and don’t give any liquid to drink.
      • Keep the victim comfortable and stay with him or her until medical personnel arrives.

Injuries and other emergency situations are ideally handled by people with first aid certification. But emergencies can strike anytime, so it’s a good idea to arm ourselves with the necessary skill or training to handle these situations. Taking simple first aid courses will ensure that you’re prepared for anything, and who knows, you might even save someone’s precious life.

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