When an individual has a dry nose, the nasal passages dried out in which the nose finds it hard to perform its job. The nose is responsible for warming the air being breathed in before it reaches the lungs as well as preventing airborne invaders such as germs or pollen from infiltrating the respiratory system. If a dry nose is suspected, it is vital to use the right nasal spray to help restore its optimal functioning.
Structure of the nose
The nasal turbinates are ridges covered with mucous membranes and positioned along the sides of the nasal passages. The turbinates are responsible for warming and moisturizing the air and the adhesive ridges trap dirt, dust, viruses and other particles before they go into the lungs. The small hairs or cilia drive the mucus produced by the membranes and its contents to the back of the nose where they drain down the throat and into the stomach.
There are some medications and environmental factors such as low humidity while riding an airplane that can dry out and annoy the mucous membranes in the nose. This results to discomfort, itchiness and even nose bleed.
Types of medicated nasal sprays for dry nose
The medicated nasal sprays include active components that aim to treat the common causes of the nasal symptoms. The antihistamines work by preventing nasal drainage, stuffed nose and sneezing often linked with the immune response of the body against pollen and exposure to other allergens.
The decongestants work by reducing the swelling in the blood vessels in the nose that allergies, common cold and other conditions often cause. There are also some nasal sprays that include a combination of both ingredients.
Saline nasal spray
The saline nasal spray or sterile salt water preparation helps humidify the mucous membranes in the nose. This helps clear away the crusting from the cilia so that they can function optimally. The spray also helps rinse out mold, dust and other particles that were inhaled and minimizes the dryness that can lead to irritation and nose bleed.
You can relieve the dryness of a dry nose by using a nasal saline spray on a regular basis since it has no potential side effects.
Considerations to bear in mind
If a nasal saline spray is used on a daily basis even if the nose does not feel desiccated, it can keep the nasal passages well particularly while travelling or spending some time in air that is dry due to air-conditioning or heating systems.
You can utilize an over-the-counter bulb syringe or neti pot to rinse out the nasal passages. This can help clear up the sinuses as well as keep the nasal passages moist.
There are also over-the-counter nasal decongestant sprays that can provide momentary relief from congestion. Take note that these products often provide significant relief rapidly. Just remember that if these are used for more than 3 days, it can actually worsen the congestion and swelling.