All about nausea and vomiting

Nausea and vomiting can be experienced in different conditions. Nausea is a feeling in which an individual might vomit, but not actually vomiting. As for vomiting, it is best described as a reflex that could not be controlled that involves expelling the contents of the stomach via the mouth. Always bear in mind that both symptoms are quite common and can be caused by various factors. Both can occur in both children and adults but are quite common among pregnant women and those undergoing treatment for cancer.

nausea and vomiting

Nausea and vomiting can occur in both children and adults but are quite common among pregnant women and those undergoing treatment for cancer.

Causes of nausea and vomiting

Always remember that nausea and vomiting can occur at the same time or individually. Both can be caused by either physical or psychological conditions.

Nausea can be triggered by intense pain, especially from an illness or injury as well as during the first trimester of pregnancy among women. Other possible causes of nausea include emotional stress, motion sickness, food poisoning, indigestion, gallbladder disease and viruses. In some cases, certain smells can bring about the feeling of nausea. This is quite common during the first trimester of pregnancy but can also occur among individuals who are not pregnant.

When it comes to children, vomiting can be triggered by food poisoning and viral infections. Nevertheless, vomiting can also be caused by coughing, overeating, high fever and severe motion sickness.

Lifestyle choices can also increase the risk for nausea and vomiting. Consumption of large amounts of alcohol can cause damage to the stomach lining or also react with the stomach acid. Understandably, these will cause nausea and vomiting.

In rare cases, vomiting can indicate a serious condition such as appendicitis, meningitis, brain tumor, migraine headache or a concussion. If the vomiting persists, it is best to consult a doctor.

When to seek emergency care for nausea and vomiting

In case the individual suffers from nausea and vomiting for more than a week, it is important to seek medical care. Take note that most cases of vomiting typically clears up within 6-24 hours after the first episode.

Seek emergency care if the following are present:

Children below 6 years old

  • Vomiting and diarrhea
  • Fever higher than 100 degrees F
  • Symptoms of dehydration are present
  • Not urinated for more than 6 hours

Children over 6 years old

  • Vomiting for more than 24 hours
  • Not urinated for more than 6 hours
  • Symptoms of dehydration
  • Fever higher than 102 degrees F

Adults

  • Stiff neck
  • Severe headache
  • Lethargy
  • Blood-streaked vomitus
  • Rapid pulse
  • Confusion
  • Fever higher than 101 degrees F
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea and vomiting

Treatment for nausea and vomiting

There are various ways in order to relieve nausea and vomiting at home as well as with the medications prescribed by the doctor. If you will register in a course or class on first aid, you can learn these first aid measures for nausea and vomiting.

Nausea

  • Provide the individual with plain, light foods to eat such as crackers and bread
  • Instruct the individual to avoid foods that have strong flavors, greasy and sweet
  • Provide cold liquids to drink
  • Consume small, frequent meals throughout the day
  • Instruct the individual to avoid any activity after a meal

Vomiting

  • Individual must be given large amounts of clear liquid to stay hydrated
  • Allow the individual to rest
  • Avoid solid foods until vomiting has stopped
  • Avoid medications that can upset the stomach
  • Provide oral rehydration solutions as replacement to the lost electrolytes

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