Cellulitis is an infection of the skin due to bacteria. In most cases, the bacteria responsible for the skin infection include streptococcus and staphylococcus species. Always bear in mind that bacteria are everywhere and the skin is the first line of defense by the body that prevents the entry of these microorganisms. Once there is an open wound, an infection can develop including cellulitis. It is important to note that there are various types of cellulitis that varies based on the site of the body that is involved.
Cellulitis of the extremities
The usual sites where cellulitis develops are the lower legs. An individual affected with other skin conditions can potentially create an environment for cellulitis of the extremities to occur. An example is athlete’s foot which is a type of fungal foot infection that thrives in dark moist environments within the sock. The damage to the skin caused by athlete’s foot can cause breakage in the skin and the bacteria that normally thrives on the surface of the skin can enter the skin and trigger a skin infection that are common on the hands and feet.
The signs and symptoms of cellulitis that affects the extremities often involve the inflammation of the skin. In detail, the affected region of the skin can end up swollen, red, warm and painful. The infection might also be linked with a fever. The spread of the reddened area of the skin is an indication that the infection has covered a wider area and red-colored spots can manifest on top of the red skin.
Periorbital cellulitis or preseptal cellulitis is an infection of the eyelid and the skin surrounding the eye. On the other hand, vision and eye movement stays directly unaffected in periorbital cellulitis in contrast to orbital cellulitis and the individual does not usually experience fever.
Even though the vision is not directly affected, the skin that surrounds the eye might become severely swollen that the vision is obscured. It is important to note that periorbital cellulitis is often triggered by the spread of infection that starts due to injury to the eye or after an animal or insect bite. The indications of periorbital cellulitis include red, swollen, warm and painful skin of the eyelid along with the skin that surrounds the eye.
Orbital cellulitis is a bacterial infection of the skin that lines the eye socket. The infection that leads to orbital cellulitis frequently spreads from an infected sinus. Damage to the skin surrounding the eye can also cause this type of infection. The symptoms of orbital cellulitis include swelling, pain and changes in the skin color around the eye. Individuals who have this condition might have fever, fatigue and disrupted vision or eye movement.