The signs and symptoms of poisoning depend on the substance and amount taken in. There are some poisonous substances such as carbon monoxide that can disrupt with the ability of the blood to transport oxygen. Other substances such as bleach can burn and irritate the digestive tract.
Young children who are drowsy or unconscious should be carefully monitored since poisoning might be the cause. It is vital to seek immediate medical care if you suspect that an individual has ingested a poisonous substance.
General symptoms of poisoning
- Feeling of being sick
- Stomach pain
- High temperature of 38 degrees C or higher and chills
- Dizziness, drowsiness or weakness
- Appetite loss
- Swallowing and breathing difficulties
- Skin rashes
- Increased production of saliva
- Bluish skin and lips
- Double vision or blurry vision
- Burns around the mouth or nose
- Mental confusion
- Loss of consciousness and coma
What are the indications of medication overdose?
Overdose on medications are the most common form of poisoning. If an individual uses too much of a particular medication, he/she can suffer from symptoms that are specific to the medication used as well as the generalized symptoms. It is vital to be familiar with the common medications involved in poisoning.
This is an anti-platelet medication that works by thinning out the blood as well as reducing the risk for the formation of blood clots. The specific indications of aspirin poisoning include rapid breathing, sweating, temporary hearing loss and tinnitus.
Paracetamol is a commonly used over-the-counter pain medication. The specific indications of paracetamol poisoning include loss of coordination, yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes and low blood sugar.
The tricyclic antidepressants are utilized to manage depression as well as other mental conditions such as obsessive compulsive disorder and panic disorder. Certain types of these medications can also be used to manage nerve pain. The specific indications of poisoning include dry mouth, excitability, large-sized pupils, rapid or erratic heartbeat and low blood pressure.
The beta-blockers are utilized to manage various conditions that affect the blood or heart such as high blood pressure, heart failure and angina. The specific indications include slow heartbeat and low blood pressure.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
These are newer versions of antidepressants that are utilized in managing mental health conditions such as anxiety disorder and OCD. The specific indications of poisoning include tremors, agitation, severe muscle tension and uncontrolled eye movements.
Individuals who smoke too much cannabis might end up with symptoms such as hallucinations, paranoia and numbness in the legs and arms.
Opioids are the stronger pain medications utilized to manage moderate to severe pain. These include codeine and morphine as well as the illegal drug heroine. The specific indications of poisoning include drowsiness, small pupils and shallow breathing.
This is a form of tranquilizer that is often utilized on a short-term basis to manage anxiety as well as sleeping problems. The specific indications of poisoning include drowsiness, speech and coordination problems, shallow breathing and uncontrolled eye movements.