Light eye sensitivity or photophobia is a condition in which the eyes are highly sensitive to the presence of light. The light sensitivity is quite common and can indicate an underlying medical issue that can be minor or require medical attention. On the other hand, eye problems that involve light sensitivity can be treated.
A migraine is best described as a type of headache that usually affects individuals between the ages of 10 up to 46 years old. The symptoms of migraine include light sensitivity, nausea, vomiting and head pain particularly on one side of the head. Migraines can also lead to blurred vision, tunnel vision, eye pain and seeing abnormal lines or shapes within the visual field.
Migraine can be triggered by stress, alcohol, exposure to bright lights, loud noises and perfumes. Even foods such as dairy products, chocolate, fruits and nuts can trigger a migraine. It is best to consult a doctor so that the individual can be given medications as well as other treatment options to prevent an episode from occurring.
If an individual is experiencing a migraine, the first aid measure is to allow him/her to rest and apply a cool compress on the head. These are measures that can help relieve the pain. In some cases, medications are prescribed by the doctor to minimize the frequency of the migraines. Additionally, over-the-counter medications such as acetaminophen can be given.
A corneal abrasion is a cut or scratch on the cornea which is thin layer of tissue on top of the iris. The cornea is responsible for focusing light. The specific symptoms of corneal abrasion include blurred vision, eye pain, tearing of the eyes and a gritty sensation. It is important to note that corneal abrasions can also trigger a headache. Prescription eye drops or ointments are given to treat the condition and expected to heal within 1-3 days.
Ulcerations and infections on the corneal
In some cases, an open sore can develop on the cornea and can eventually lead to an infection. The specific symptoms of a corneal ulcer and infection include light sensitivity, burning, pain, redness and even discharge. Take note that corneal ulcers and infections can lead to watery eyes, visual problems and white patches on the cornea.
Parasites, bacteria, viruses and fungus can also lead to corneal infections and ulcers. Other possible causes of this condition include corneal abrasions, dry eyes, foreign bodies in the eye and inflammatory issues. The treatment for corneal ulcers and infections depends on the cause. Antiviral, antibiotic, antifungal or corticosteroid medications can be prescribed by the doctor to help manage the corneal ulcers. In severe cases, it would require corneal transplantation.
These are some of the eye condition that can cause light sensitivity. Depending on the condition of the individual, it is always advisable to consult a doctor as soon as possible.