Vernal conjunctivitis

Vernal conjunctivitis is triggered by an allergic reaction. This chronic inflammation of the eye occurs primarily during the spring and summer season. The reason for this is the normal seasonal increase in the number of allergens in the air. It can also be triggered by an allergic reaction to the following:

  • Cigarette smoke
  • Chlorine in swimming pools
  • Ingredients in cosmetics

The minor cases of conjunctivitis can be managed using the application of a cold compress and eye drops that provide a lubricating effect. In serious cases, antihistamines or even anti-inflammatory medications can be prescribed.

Indications of vernal conjunctivitis

  • Painful, irritated or itchy eyes
  • Excessive tearing
  • Burning sensation in the eyes
  • Swollen eyes
  • Blurred vision
  • Pink or reddened eyes
  • Light sensitivity
  • Eyelids that are bumpy, rough with white mucus
    Vernal conjunctivitis

    Application of a cold compress over the closed eyes several times throughout the day for temporary relief.

These symptoms are also present in other eye conditions. Occasionally, the individual will experience red or itchy eyes but this is not always the cause for concern. Nevertheless, a doctor should be consulted right away if the red eye persists for several days or occur with eye pain or visual changes.

What are the causes?

The condition is due to reaction upon exposure to allergens such as animal dander and pollen. An individual is at risk for the condition if there is a family history of allergies particularly asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema. In addition, an individual is also at risk if he/she has other seasonal allergies.


The initial move is to avoid rubbing the eyes since it can lead to further irritation. Most cases can be managed at home with the following remedies:

  • Over-the-counter antihistamines
  • Lubricating eye drops
  • Application of a cold compress over the closed eyes several times throughout the day for temporary relief.

It is vital to identify and avoid the potential allergen responsible for causing the inflammation. The individual must stay indoors and use an air conditioner during peak hours of the allergen during the spring and summer seasons to reduce exposure.

In case the symptoms are frequent or persist longer, the doctor might provide anti-inflammatory eye drops or even antihistamines.

What is the outlook?

Many are given relief from the allergy symptoms once the weather becomes colder or if they can avoid the allergen. In case it becomes chronic, it can affect vision or even scar the cornea.

If the symptoms do not seem to improve with home remedies, become worse or starts to disrupt normal vision, set an appointment with a doctor to avoid any long-term complications.