Once the body reacts to allergens produced by dust mites, he/she might experience symptoms such as coughing, hay fever, asthma attacks and watery eyes. There are measures to manage these symptoms and the allergic reaction with the following.
Medications for an allergic reaction
The commonly used medication that is used to relieve the effects of an allergic reaction is antihistamines. Once the medication is administered, it can manage symptoms such as cold, cough and sneezing episodes. There are also over-the-counter medications that are categorized as antihistamines that are readily available in drugstores. Some of the prescription antihistamines are administered as nasal sprays to provide a quick and lasting effect.
Decongestants are used to heal swollen tissues in the respiratory passages. This will make it easier for the individual to breathe. Individuals with high blood pressure should not use this medication.
Leukotriene modifiers are utilized to negate the function of some chemicals released by the immune system to counter the allergens. Take note that leukotriene modifiers are available in syrup and tablet form but most are prescribed by a doctor. Even though these medications work rapidly and effectively in managing allergic reactions, it can cause certain side effects such as nausea and Migraine.
Therapeutic treatment for dust mite allergy
Aside from medications for the allergic reactions caused by exposure to dust mites, the individual can undergo a therapeutic treatment. It is important to note that this form of treatment is usually long-lasting and effective. On the other hand, some of these can cause some effects.
Nasal lavage is used to cleanse the nasal pathways using saltwater. This is effective in eliminating nasal congestion as well as runny nose and sneezing. A saline rinse is usually performed in the hospital or clinic but there are now over-the-counter saline rinses available in drug stores. You can even create your own saline rinse using rock salt and distilled water.
Immunotherapy or allergy shots can be recommended by the doctor as another form of treatment. If this treatment option is chosen by the individual, he/she will be given allergy shots that condition the immune system on how to react to the allergens. The allergy shots will instruct the immune system not to react aggressively once allergens are detected in the body. As the treatment progresses, the shots are increased until the desired reaction from the immune system is achieved. This treatment can run from 5-8 months depending on the body cycle of the individual. Take note that immunotherapy is usually considered by doctors as the last resort when medications and other therapies are not effective in alleviating the allergic reactions.
Always bear in mind that dust mite allergy should not drastically affect the quality of life of the individual. By applying the techniques in eliminating dust mites on a regular basis and early enough, exposure to the allergens can be greatly reduced.