The brown recluse spiders or violin spiders contain venom that can trigger serious injury and even death. It is important to note that these spiders are non-aggressive but will bite when disturbed by accident or pressing on them unknowingly. The brown recluse spider bites are highly necrotizing which simply means that they can cause the death of the skin tissues at the bite site. The medical treatment often involves slowing down serious physical complications.
First aid for brown recluse spider bites
Take note that first aid is the initial line of treatment to help slow down the damage from a brown recluse spider bite. You have to cleanse the bite site by washing the area around it using warm water and soap.
It is also vital to elevate the bite site. If it is in the leg or arm, you can secure a bandage snugly above the bite site to help slow down the flow of venom in the bloodstream. An ice pack can be applied over the bite site to help reduce the swelling.
It is also best to call poison control center or a doctor for information regarding the suitable treatment. In cases where systemic reactions start to occur, seek medical attention by bringing the individual to the nearest emergency department.
The brown recluse spider venom is capable of triggering a systemic reaction in the body which results to swelling, allergic reactions and build-up of fluid. Antihistamines, steroids and anti-inflammatory medications might be useful in minimizing the effect of the brown recluse spider venom.
The steroid injections or creams that are applied on the bite site might minimize the swelling and the pain. Antihistamines work by reversing the allergic reaction of the body to the venom of the brown recluse spider. Antibiotics can also be utilized to prevent secondary infections from the spider bite as well as stimulate the healing of the skin tissue that was damaged. It is important to note that an individual with a brown recluse spider bite might be given a tetanus toxoid injection in order to protect against tetanus infection.
The venom from the brown recluse spider is capable of triggering ulceration of the skin within eight hours after envenomation. It is important to note that the ulceration can spread and tissue death can occur. The skin that becomes necrotic as a response to the brown recluse spider venom requires removal through surgery.
The surgery typically involves cutting away the dead skin tissue to help promote wound healing as well as the formation of new, healthy skin over the wound. In some cases, additional surgery might be required after the skin has healed in order to improve the appearance of any scars or craters left behind.
If in doubt whether it was a brown recluse spider that delivered a bite, it is best to seek immediate medical attention.