Spinal stress fractures are characterized as small-sized cracks in the vertebrae or bones of the back. There are various conditions that can trigger stress fractures of the spine. The ensuing back pain can be caused by issues with the tendons, muscles, ligaments or nerves that are found throughout the spinal column. The ideal way to manage this injury is to understand the possible causes of spinal stress fractures and the appropriate measures to take to manage them.
Possible causes of spinal stress fractures
Overtraining and overuse
Stress fractures usually occur if an individual over trains. Excessive training can tire out the muscles to a point where they are no longer able to support proper movement. The fatigue places stress on the bones which can become fatigued and eventually develop small-sized cracks or stress fractures.
Even though stress fractures from excessive training are quite prevalent in the foot and legs, they can also manifest in the back. The spinal stress fractures are quite common among female athletes who are thin and those who have irregular or irregular menstrual cycles.
Spondylolysis usually develops among adolescents who engage in high intensity sports. The condition can cause stress fractures in the lower region of the spinal column. In case the affected vertebrae move out of its place, the condition is called spondylolisthesis.
The condition can be genetic or develop during the phase of rapid growth. Medications, adequate rest and the use of braces will allow the injury to heal. In severe cases, the individual with the condition requires surgery to fix the bone.
Osteoporosis is a condition where the bones weaken which makes them prone to fractures. The spine is the usual spot where the symptoms occur. The vertebrae eventually weaken and an individual can develop fractures from coughing, sneezing or moving in the wrong direction.
The stress fractures can cause a certain degree of loss of height, chronic back pain and a stooped posture. Engaging in regular weight-bearing exercises, diet rich in calcium and vitamin D as well as bone-building supplements can help prevent the condition from progressing as well as the development of complications.
Once an individual is suspected with a spinal stress fracture, it is best to seek immediate medical attention for proper assessment and management of the injury.