Skin allergy: Skin rashes

The appearance of bumps, redness, itchiness and other skin conditions are quite common every now and then and their cause might not be easily determined. As for rashes, they can be triggered by various things including plants, food as well as an allergic reaction to a medication or an illness. It is important to note that hives and eczema which are linked to allergies are the most common types of skin rashes.

Atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is the most prevalent form of eczema that affects both children and adults. If an individual has atopic dermatitis, the skin can become red, dry, irritated and itchy. Oftentimes, in infected cases, the skin will have small, fluid-filled bumps that ooze a clear or yellowish fluid. Those who have atopic dermatitis often have a family history of allergies.

Hives

Skin rashes

Contact dermatitis is described as a reaction when the skin is exposed to an allergen or irritant.

Hives or urticaria is described as red-colored bumps or welts on the body. The condition is called acute urticaria if it only lasts less than 6 weeks. If it lasts for more than 6 weeks, it is called chronic urticaria. Take note that acute urticaria is typically triggered by exposure to an allergen or an infection. The cause of chronic urticaria is unknown. If in doubt, it is recommended to consult a doctor for proper assessment of the condition.

Contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is described as a reaction when the skin is exposed to an allergen or irritant. The symptoms include blisters, rash, burning and itchy sensation. The usual skin irritants include detergent, soap, water, shampoos and fabric softeners. The symptoms manifest once the individual is exposed to these irritants.

In some circumstances, reaction to some products such as perfumes, shaving lotions and sunscreen can also occur if the skin in which the allergen is applied to was also exposed to sunlight. This reaction is known as photoallergic contact dermatitis.

Allergic contact dermatitis can occur after being exposed to a substance in which the individual is allergic to such as metals, fragrances, nail polish, adhesives, plants, topical medications and rubber gloves. An individual with this type of contact dermatitis should avoid the potential trigger at all times.

What is latex allergy?

Latex allergy typically develops if the individual is repeatedly exposed to latex products including medical gloves or balloons. The symptoms of latex allergy include itchiness, hives or runny or stuffed nose. In some individuals, they can experience asthma-like symptoms such as chest tightness, wheezing and difficulty breathing.

The symptoms usually start within minutes of exposure to latex products. Remember that direct contact is not needed to instigate an allergic reaction. Anaphylaxis can occur after being exposed to airborne particles of powder from latex gloves. The allergic reactions to latex are not quite common today since many hospitals no longer use non-latex gloves or low-protein latex gloves.

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