Coughing is a typical respiratory reflex that manifests once the throat or mouth becomes irritated due to the presence of foreign material. Nevertheless, coughing that persists for more than 8 weeks is categorized as chronic coughing.
The symptoms include shortness of breath, coughing up blood, wheezing, heartburn and a liquid sensation at the rear of the throat. Asthma, postnasal drip and respiratory tract infections are some of the possible causes. If not properly treated, excessive coughing can trigger certain effects.
Oftentimes, excessive coughing can result to a headache. The symptoms of a headache include a pressure-like, dull pain that can affect the whole head. In some cases, the pain can be worse in the scalp area, back or temple of the neck. Typically, the headaches can persist anywhere between 30 minutes up to 7 days.
The treatment for a headache involves rest, getting enough sleep and exercise. Encourage the individual to drink more fluids since dehydration can also trigger a headache. There are over-the-counter medications that can manage the headache. Oftentimes, the stronger prescription medications can be given.
Chronic or excessive coughing can result to urinary incontinence in which an individual could not control urination. To be more specific, excessive coughing can result to stress incontinence. Always bear in mind that stress incontinence manifests once stress or pressure is applied on the bladder while coughing, exercising, laughing and lifting heavy objects.
Urinary incontinence is managed by scheduled bathroom trips and retraining the bladder by holding the urge for at least 10 minutes. Additionally, limiting the intake of fluids, diet management and pelvic exercises can strengthen the bladder.
Excessive coughing can lead to dizziness. The symptoms include lightheadedness, balance loss, vertigo and fainting. The treatment involves posture changes, increasing the intake of fluids and medications such as antihistamines, sedatives and nausea pills. Oftentimes, the dizziness can subside after the episodes of excessive coughing ceases.
Fractured ribs due to excessive coughing
The force from the excessive coughing can result to fractured ribs, especially those who have brittle bone diseases particularly osteoporosis. The indications of a rib fracture include pain in the ribs, swelling and bruising at the site and pain while breathing.
The management for a fractured rib involves resting and protecting the ribs using a chest binder. It is usually made out of a material that wraps around the chest. Pain medications work by reducing the pain. In some cases, hospitalization is needed if the fractured rib punctures the vital organs such as the heart or stomach.