Asthma is characterized by inflammation of the airways. The inflammation that occurs triggers swelling around the airways which makes it hard for air to enter in and leave the lungs. One of the prevalent forms of asthma is allergy-induced asthma in which an allergic reaction initiates inflammation of the airways. When a doctor is consulted, there are a number of treatment options for an individual suffering from allergy-induced asthma.
Beta agonists work by relaxing the airways, thus making it easier for the individual to breathe. It is important to note that these medications are usually inhaled in order to act directly on the lungs, but they can also be taken as a tablet or as syrup.
There are short-acting forms of these medications such as levalbuterol and albuterol that work rapidly to provide quick relief. The beta agonists are also available in longer-acting variants to help prevent asthma attacks.
Corticosteroids are medications that help block the inflammatory response of the body. Since allergy-induced asthma is arbitrated by substantial inflammation due to an overly active immune system, blocking the inflammation can provide a beneficial effect on individuals with asthma.
Since corticosteroids can cause significant side effects, they are typically inhaled when treating asthma to minimize these adverse effects. The inhaled corticosteroids are utilized for long-term treatment of the asthma symptoms, not as an emergency treatment for asthma attacks. When it comes to severe asthma attacks, they can be treated with oral or intravenous corticosteroids.
Ipratropium is an inhaled medication that works by relaxing the airways. This medication blocks the signals that trigger the airway muscles to constrict. Just remember though that these medications have a similar effect with the beta agonists.
This medication is specifically designed to manage the symptoms of an acute asthma attack instigated by allergies or other potential triggers. Ipratropium is often used together with beta agonists such as albuterol in order to relax the airways using two different mechanisms.
These are also used as a common treatment for allergy-induced asthma. Leukotriene modifiers work by disrupting a class of immune signals called leukotrienes that can trigger asthma.
Theophylline is a medication in pill form that is taken once a day. This works by relaxing the muscles around the airways, thus reducing the symptoms of chronic asthma. Theophylline is available in various formulations and taken every 6, 8, 12 or 24 hours depending on the type of syrup or tablet used.
Since this medication is usually prescribed for long-term asthma, the individual must take it if even if he/she is not experiencing any symptoms.
Always bear in mind that allergy-induced asthma is instigated by allergens that bind to the IgE antibodies. Once these antibodies bind to the allergens, chemical signals are released that trigger inflammation and eventually an allergic response. Anti-IgE therapy can be utilized for individuals who suffer from moderate or harsh attacks of allergic asthma. This treatment works by blocking the activation of the antibodies and reduces the need to use short-term relief medication.