Malaria is a condition that develops if blood has been infected by parasites that spread via mosquito bites. Even though the disease is considered non-existent in developed countries, it remains as a serious health threat in other parts of the globe.
Remember that the condition is a threat to countries where cases have been reported but also to those travelling to these areas.
What are the signs?
The usual indications of malaria generally include the following:
- High fever
- Excessive sweating
- Muscle ache
- Body aches and generalized discomfort
In case the symptoms of malaria are not promptly treated, it can result to death.
Management of malaria
Before treatment for malaria is started, the doctor should determine first the type of parasite responsible for the disease. Depending on the location where the infection was acquired, some of these parasites might established resistance to certain medications.
It is vital that treatment is started as early as possible. Remember that malaria can be fatal, and treatment is effective if started early.
Malarial drugs are given orally or intravenously. The intravenous drugs are suggested for those who could not take medications by mouth or those who are seriously sick.
In case there is a high risk for acquiring malaria when travelling to an area with reported cases, it is vital to take into consideration measures to prevent the condition.
- Prevention of bites by applying an insect repellant, covering the leg and arms and using a mosquito net while sleeping at night.
- Check if there is a need to use malaria prevention tablets. If needed, the right antimalarial tablets must be taken at the right dosage.