Leg injuries are quite common in both children and adults. The symptoms often develop from daily wear and tear, overuse or an injury. The injuries are likely to occur during:
- Work-related tasks
- Sports or recreational activities
- Projects or tasks around the house
Most of the leg injuries among children and teenagers occur during sports or from accidental falls. The risk is higher among those who engage in contact sports such as soccer, wrestling or football as well as in high-velocity sports such as snowboarding, biking and skateboarding. The ankles, knees and feet are the typically affected areas. If an injury occurs at the end of a long bone close to a joint, it might damage the growth plate and necessitates assessment by a doctor.
Acute leg injuries
An acute injury to the leg can occur from a penetrating injury, direct strike, fall or from twisting or jerking movements or bending of a limb abnormally. The pain can be abrupt and severe that is followed by swelling and bruising. The acute leg injuries typically require immediate medical care and can include:
- Bruises occur when the small blood vessels beneath the skin tear. The blood seeps into the tissues beneath the skin and results to the black-bluish discoloration.
- Ligament injuries
- Tendon injuries such as a ruptured Achilles tendon
- Overuse injuries
Overuse injuries can occur if excess stress is placed on a joint or other tissue during activities or performing repeated movements. The overuse injuries include the following:
- Plantar fasciitis
- Stress foot fractures
- Shin splints
- Osgood-Schlatter disease
The treatment for leg injuries typically include rest, elevation and other first aid measures such as using a splint, brace or a cast or even physiotherapy. In some cases, the treatment involves medications or surgery, particularly if a fracture is involved. The treatment is based on the type, location, severity and when the injury occurred as well as the age, overall health condition and activities of the individual.
Quick Note / Disclaimer
The material posted on this page on leg injuries is for learning and educational purposes only. To learn to recognize and manage leg injuries, register for a first aid and CPR course with Kelowna First Aid.