Intracerebral hematoma occurs if one or several blood vessels in the brain rupture, typically brought about by head injuries. Remember that this is a medical emergency that can lead to death, thus all cases of head injuries require careful assessment.
What are the indications?
- Intense headache
- Loss of consciousness
- Loss of sensation or weakness in the limbs on one side
What are the possible causes?
An intracerebral hematoma typically occurs after a strong strike or blow to the head. This can occur during sports such as in collisions or being struck by a stick, ball or racket or from falls or vehicular accidents.
In rare instances, an intracerebral hematoma can form without sustaining any injury in the head. In such cases, certain blood conditions such as anemia or hemophilia, drug overdose or chronic high blood pressure might be the cause.
Management of intracerebral hematoma
It is vital to seek immediate emergency assistance. The emergency team will attempt to stabilize the individual and rush him/her to a healthcare facility. Upon arrival at the hospital, emergency surgery is necessary. This aims to control the bleeding and alleviate the buildup of pressure in the skull.
After the surgery, the individual is under close monitoring in the hospital for several weeks. Additional tests are carried out to check for damage to the brain and to ensure that all bleeding has ceased. When the individual is discharged from the hospital, regular check-ups are required along with long-term medications.
Quick Note / Disclaimer
The material posted on this page on intracerebral hematoma is for learning and educational purposes only. To learn to recognize and manage internal head injuries, register for a first aid and CPR course with Kelowna First Aid.