If an individual is allergic to eggs, it can trigger various reactions that range from a minor rash to breathing difficulty. Egg allergies frequently start during the stage of infancy or early childhood. As the child grows older, the body can adapt to the proteins present in eggs that are responsible for triggering the allergies.
In case there are only signs of an egg allergy, consumption of eggs or foods that contain eggs can lead to a severe reaction. A doctor should be consulted right away if there are signs of a reaction to eggs. The doctor can determine if the child is allergic to eggs via a skin test, blood test or dietary monitoring. Just remember that influenza vaccine contains small traces of egg protein, thus it is best to consult a doctor before a flu shot is given.
Irritation of the skin
An unusual immune reaction to the proteins present in egg whites or yolks triggers an allergic reaction. Once an individual eats foods or takes medications that contain eggs, the body generates antibodies that instigate the discharge of histamine which causes respiratory irritation, swelling and other allergic symptoms.
The indications of egg allergy manifest within several minutes up to several hours after consumption of food that contains eggs. Skin inflammation is the usual sign of an egg allergy. The individual can end up with bumpy, itchy hives or swelling around the mouth.
Egg protein is considered as a common food additive and various medications, food or cosmetics that contain egg products can trigger a reaction if he/she has an allergy. Some individuals who are allergic to chicken eggs are also allergic to duck as well as turkey or quail eggs.
Nausea, vomiting, upset stomach, diarrhea and abdominal cramps can also occur after eating eggs. Children who are allergic to eggs can still digest them without difficulty by the time they reach 5 years old. It is important to check the labels of foods, medications or cosmetics if they contain egg components.
Once the immune system responds to egg protein, the release of histamine can affect the respiratory system. In most cases, the individual will experience runny nose, itchy or watery eyes and inflamed nose.
An egg allergy can trigger asthma symptoms such as difficulty breathing and wheezing. Those who have an allergic reaction can also suffer reactions to the proteins in soy, milk or peanuts. In severe cases, a respiratory reaction to eggs can clog up the airways and disrupt with breathing.
A severe egg allergy can lead to a dangerous reaction called anaphylaxis. The indications of anaphylaxis can affect the entire body. The throat, mouth and air passages in the lungs can swell, thus disrupting the breathing. The individual can also experience nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, itchy and swelling skin and rapid pulse.
The blood pressure can also drop which results to dizziness, fainting and shock. If a child has a severe allergic reaction to eggs, the doctor will prescribe epinephrine which is an injectable medication for severe reactions. If you want to learn how to administer epinephrine during an emergency, click here.