The main triggers of hay fever include grass and tree pollen. The pollen from shrubs and weeds can also instigate symptoms. The pollen count is relatively higher on dry, hot days. The fungal spores are usually found on most damp days, but quite high after harvesting and in the autumn season. There are several tips that can help avoid pollen as well as reduce the risk for hay fever.
Avoid mowing the lawn
Ideally, if being exposed to grass triggers sneezing episodes, it is best to ask someone to mow the lawn when the pollen count is high. If the individual reacts to grass and spends time on the lawn, he/she will end up with breathing symptoms and even hives.
Providing a barrier
You can dab a nasal barrier balm within the nostrils or utilize a nasal spray free from drugs or apply petroleum jelly. This helps prevent pollen from adhering on the coating of the nose.
If possible, the individual suffering from symptoms of hay fever must avoid engaging in outdoor activities when the air is warming up and cooling down since the pollen count is at its highest at these times, usually 8-10 AM and 5-7 PM.
Close the windows
It is vital not to drive with the windows open since this will allow the pollen to enter the vehicle. You can open the bedroom windows at nighttime but make sure that they are closed when getting up in the morning.
Regular dusting and vacuuming
It is recommended to regularly dust using a damp or micro-fiber cloth that can gather dust and stop any pollen from becoming airborne. Do not forget that pollen can also accumulate in carpeting, thus it is vital to ensure that regular vacuuming is carried out.
Washing the hair
Always bear in mind that pollen is sticky and might adhere to your hair. It can transfer to pillows and cause disruption while sleeping at night. If the individual has been outdoors in the evening, instruct him/her to wash the hair and change clothes before going to the bedroom.
Medications for hay fever
A doctor should be consulted about hay fever if the symptoms could not be controlled by the current treatment used. The non-sedating antihistamines might be sufficient for mild or intermittent symptoms of hay fever, but many might need to use a steroid nasal spray to deal with the inflammation in the nose due to hay fever. This must be regularly used and relief can be provided after a few days. It must be continued 1-2 times daily until the hay fever season has passed.
Many individuals usually wait until the symptoms start before they start treatment, but the nasal spray must be started at least 2 weeks before the symptoms manifest so that the medication is already in the body once pollen starts the condition.