A MCL injury is known to occur in various sports. The medial collateral ligament travels from the thighbone up to the shinbone. This is a vital ligament that is responsible for preventing the knee from extending too far from side to side while performing daily activities. Due to this, the MCL is essential for stability and once an individual sustained a MCL injury, it can lead to pain and diminished leg function.
What are the causes?
A MCL injury occurs once an individual collides with another player or when too much stress is placed on the ligament during rapid turns or stops. Due to this, individuals who play football, soccer or basketball as well as skiing face a higher risk for MCL injury.
Always bear in mind that the MCL can also weaken over time which can result to injuries even with simple movements. You can identify a MCL injury if the individual experiences a feeling that the knee is locking or catching into place.
Proper warm-up and cooling down before engaging in aerobic activities can help prevent a MCL injury. These are vital in preparing the ligaments and muscles for activity in order to reduce the tendency for the ligament to the shocked with abrupt motion.
It is vital to warm-up by performing light aerobic activity for 3-5 minutes before starting an activity. Proper cooling down by stretching the leg muscles around the kneecap will also ensure that the MCL will not tighten before the next activity.
Importance of safety education
Being familiar on how to properly fall or change foot positions can also prevent MCL injury. Individuals who engage in skiing must fall forward or to the side if a fall takes place. This adds minimal strain on the knee joints. Remember that this is also applicable for other sports such as soccer, football or basketball. During tackling, players must also observe safety precautions.
Since the MCL ligament can end up stretched and becomes worn out over time, it is vital to take a break after strenuous activity. This will help the ligament recover after exercise. Alternating low-impact activities with high-impact ones can minimize the strain on the knee.
As long as the muscles surrounding the knee joint are strong, it can help accommodate some of the burden placed on the body. Strong quadriceps can help minimize the risk for injury. Proper strengthening of these muscles with the help of squats as well as lunges and other undertakings can prevent future MCL injuries.