The flu is a common viral condition that spreads via sneezing and coughing. It can be quite unpleasant but the individual usually starts to feel better in a week.
One can acquire the condition at any time of the year, but common during the winter which is why it is called as the seasonal flu.
What are the indications?
Some of the chief indications of the flu include:
- Fever of 38 degrees C or higher
- Dry, chesty cough
- Weakness and tiredness
- Generalized aches and pains
As for the cold-like symptoms such as runny or blocked nose, sore throat and sneezing, they are less severe than the other symptoms.
Generally, the condition can make an individual feel excessively tired and sick that he/she must stay in bed and rest until feeling better.
What should I do?
If the individual is healthy and fit, there is no need to consult a doctor if flu-like symptoms develop.
The ideal remedy is to rest adequately at home, stay warm and increase the intake of water to prevent dehydration. You can also provide the individual with ibuprofen or paracetamol to lessen the fever and alleviate any aches if needed.
It is recommended to avoid going to school or work until the individual feels better. In most cases, this can take around a week.
How to prevent the flu
Acquiring the flu can be prevented with proper hygienic measures. Always wash hands regularly using warm water and soap as well as:
- Cleaning all surfaces regularly such as door handles, computer keyboards and telephones
- Used tissues should be properly discarded right away
- Utilize tissues to cover the nose and mouth when sneezing or coughing
It is also recommended to avoid unnecessary contact with others if infectious. For those who are at high risk for a serious case, a yearly flu shot or antiviral medication might be suggested to lessen the risk of becoming infected.