The Echovirus is one of the various viruses that are present in the digestive tract. These viruses are called as enteroviruses that are common in humans. An individual can become infected by the Echovirus in various ways such as:
- Exposure to feces contaminated by the virus
- Inhaling infected air particles
- Direct contact with contaminated surfaces
The ailment that the virus triggers in humans is generally mild. In rare instances, a severe infection might arise.
What are the indications?
Many individuals infected by Echovirus do not have any symptoms. If an infected individual develops symptoms, they are usually minor upper respiratory symptoms such as:
Other usual symptoms that might arise include croup which involves difficulty breathing along with a bark-like cough.
How can I become infected?
The virus is considered prevalent. One can become infected by Echovirus if exposed to respiratory secretions such as mucus or saliva from the nose or feces of an infected individual.
The virus can also be acquired via direct contact with contaminated surfaces or other household objects.
Who are at risk?
Any individual can become infected. It is important to note that adults are likely to have established immunity to certain forms of Enteroviruses, but can still become infected.
The Echovirus infections typically settle without requiring treatment. At the present, there is no available antiviral treatment for Echovirus infections.
Always bear in mind that an infection with the Echovirus could not be prevented directly and there is no available vaccine.
It might be a challenge to control the spread of the virus. The reason for this is that many individuals who are infected do not become sick and not aware that they are carrying the virus.
Regular hand washing and observing proper cleanliness measures such as cleaning and disinfecting surfaces can prevent the spread of the virus.