Back pain is a common issue among adolescents. Some of the usual causes among young individuals include poor exercise technique, poor posture and carrying heavy school bags.
If the pain or discomfort is persistent and arises in the same area, a doctor must be consulted. Remember that children suffering from back pain might end up as adults with chronic back issues, thus it is vital to seek early care.
What are the causes of back pain?
Even though a single incident can cause spinal injury, cases of continuous or nagging back pain can be triggered by a variety of factors that work hand in hand. The usual contributing factors for back pain among children include the following:
- Age – children 12 years and above are more prone
- Gender – back pain is common among females
- Poor posture
- Incorrect use of backpacks
- Heavy school bags carried on one hand or shoulder
- Sedentary lifestyle such as watching TV or playing computer for long hours
- Soft tissue injuries such as sprains and strains
- Injuries while engaging in strenuous, power or flexibility-based sports such as football, dance, gymnastics, rowing and weightlifting
- Engaging in competitive sports that necessitates intense training
A doctor must be consulted so that a diagnosis can be given if the child suffers from continuous pain. Soft tissue injuries are usually the cause but in some cases, the pain can be triggered by certain health conditions that require treatment such as the following:
- Joint and bone injuries – disc injuries and compression fractures
- Sciatica – pain that radiates down the buttock and leg which leads to the compression of the sciatic nerve
- Fibromyalgia – chronic pain disorder can occur among adolescents which causes neck and back pain along with fatigue and muscle spasm
- Idiopathic scoliosis – this is sideway curvature of the spine that does not have a specific cause.
- Spondylosis – this is a congenital physical defect in the vertebrae.