When a child is vomiting, he/she is likely to go back to a normal state but a doctor should be consulted if worried. There are various causes that might include certain conditions. If in doubt on the cause, a doctor should be seen so that further assessment can be carried out.
Vomiting among children has various causes but the usual cause is a bacterial or viral infection. Other possible reasons for vomiting also include motion sickness and other serious conditions such as meningitis or appendicitis.
Certain forms that are considered normal. Young infants tend to vomit small amounts of milk after feeding which is called posseting. This can be reduced by burping the infant during feeding.
Gastroesophageal reflux can also cause infants to vomit. This generally occurs more often and in larger amounts. It can occur before, during and after feeding.
Even though common, vomiting can be unpleasant and frightening for both the child and the parents. Remember that in most cases, children are able to get over vomiting quickly.
What are the symptoms linked with vomiting?
Children who are vomiting might also have abdominal pain, nausea and diarrhea. It is important to note that dehydration is one of the serious risks particularly among young infants. The indications of dehydration include:
- Sunken eyes
- Diminished urination
- Dry mouth and tongue
- Weight loss
When to consult a doctor
- Worried about dehydration
- Child has blood-streaked or bright green-colored vomit
- Child has poor weight gain
- Child has continuous projectile vomiting
- There is severe or continuous abdominal cramping
- Child appears generally sick
Once a child is vomiting, it is important to ensure that the child is given enough fluids either water or an oral rehydration fluid to prevent dehydration. Remember that the child also requires comfort and reassurance.
Using over-the-counter medications to put a stop to the episodes among children is not recommended. The side effects of these medications can be serious. Oftentimes, doctors might prescribe medications, but only do so after proper assessment.
If the child suffers from gastroesophageal reflux, there are various treatment measures to help with the condition including propping the head up after feeding.