Asthma is a common respiratory condition that affects both children and adults. It is vital that you are familiar with the medications required to keep the condition under control.
Close look on inhaled corticosteroids
Inhaled corticosteroids are given to help:
- Breathe easier
- Prevent and improve the symptoms of asthma
- Reduce the likelihood of asthma attacks
These medications are widely used to manage asthma which work well and relatively safe to use. Generally, they are the preferred choice for managing asthma over the long term.
Types of asthma medications
The medications for asthma are divided into 2 groups:
- Quick-relief medications helps the individual take in breaths easily during an asthma attack and only used when needed.
- Long-term medications are used daily. These medications work by reducing the symptoms as well as prevent attacks.
Remember that most of the medications are inhaled which go directly straight to the airways.
How inhaled corticosteroids work
The inhaled corticosteroids for asthma work by reducing the inflammation and release of mucus in the airways that transport air to the lungs. This helps the individual take in breaths more easily.
The usual side effects of inhaled corticosteroids include a sore throat or mouth or hoarseness of the voice. In some cases, a fungal infection in the mouth can develop.
If inhaled corticosteroids are used for asthma, there are considerations to bear in mind such as:
- The controller medications should be taken daily for them to be effective.
- The controller medications could not help right away during an asthma attack since it acts in a slow manner.
- Make sure to properly rinse the mouth after using a corticosteroid inhaler to prevent the development of thrush or fungal infection in the mouth.