Asthma is considered as a common health condition that affects both young and old in all corners of the globe. As a common health condition, it is important that you are familiar on how this condition starts. If a family member has asthma, enrolling in a first aid class is definitely an advantage since you are prepared on what to do is case of an asthma attack.
It is important to note that asthma occurs once the airways in the lungs become constricted or inflamed. This can start with wheezing to abrupt asthma attacks that can be life-threatening. Always remember that asthma cannot be cured but the symptoms can be managed with the help of medications and avoiding exposure to the triggers.
Asthma can start with chest tightness or shortness of breath and pain. The individual can experience difficulty sleeping due to the shortness of breath, wheezing and coughing. The episodes of wheezing and coughing can worsen if the individual has flu or cold. Adults tend to react differently to the factors that trigger asthma which include colds and respiratory infections, exposure to cold air, cigarette smoke, abrupt changes in the temperature, exercise and stress. The allergic reactions can be triggered by mold, pollen, feathers, dust, animal dander and even food. Take note that asthma can also be initiated by exposure to secondhand smoke, pollution, exposure to chemicals in the farm as well as hair salons.
Children with asthma
If children develop asthma, it usually starts with a cough especially at night time, rapid breathing, scared or anxious appearance, fatigue, restlessness during sleep and breathlessness. In some cases, there is also an unusual paleness, flared-up nostrils and vomiting. The child with asthma might not want to sit or stand and could not relax.
The child will also cough even when there is no cold. In most cases, the child makes an effort to clear the throat and starts to wheeze with irregular breathing. In case asthma is suspected, help the child relax and eliminate any potential allergen that is responsible for triggering an asthma attack. If possible, take the child to a doctor as soon as possible. Medications can help minimize the inflammation in the airways as well as relieve the symptoms.
Once asthma initially starts, the changes are not severe enough to stop the individual from his/her daily activities. The initial signs such as frequent coughing, loss of breath, fatigue while exercising and difficulty sleeping should be enough to schedule an appointment with a doctor.
The primary symptoms tend to vary among individuals. One might not experience all the symptoms or have different symptoms during every asthma attack in the early stages. Some might only suffer from exercise-induced asthma while others only react to the allergens.
Just remember that serious asthma attack can indicate the start of the condition, mild asthma episodes are also common. Take note that the discomfort usually clears up in a matter of minutes up to a few hours after the airways start to open up again.