It is important to note that knee hyperextension takes place once pressure is applied on the knee that bends it backward way beyond its normal straightened position. The common causes of knee hyperextension usually include dance, sports, fall and even vehicular accidents. The treatment options for knee hyperextension include administration of over-the-counter pain medications and even surgery depending on the severity of the injury sustained. If knee hyperextension is suspected, it is best to consult a doctor as soon as possible so that appropriate treatment can be started.
Those who are engaged in sports must take part in a course on first aid today so that the appropriate measures can be carried out in case this injury occurs. During vehicular accidents, knee hyperextension can likely occur as well.
Knee hyperextension is considered as a common injury among those who engage in volleyball, gymnastics and basketball. Even though hyperextension injuries can result to cartilage, ligaments and other structures that stabilize the knee, many sports-related injuries are limited.
In some individuals, there is minimal pain when the knee is straightened along with swelling and bruising. Athletes who suffer from forceful hyperextension usually end up with a tear on the knee ligament called as the anterior cruciate ligament. In case the injury is severe enough that surgery is required, the individual should wait for 6-9 months before returning to sports. If the individual resumes activity early, it will only aggravate the injury, thus prolonging the recovery period.
The knees can end up hyperextended if the individual sustains a hard fall or injured during a vehicular accident. It is important to note that vehicular accidents can cause severe knee injuries since the impact can often occur once the leg is straight and tense. If an individual was involved in a vehicular accident, you have to check if he/she has knee hyperextension.
In severe cases, the knee can become dislocated and several knee ligaments are torn or detached from the surrounding muscles and bones. It is recommended to consult a doctor right away once a hyperextension injury results to instability, joint swelling and impaired motion or even pain. The treatment usually involves rest and a minimal degree of physical therapy.
In some cases of knee hyperextension, it can occur naturally among those who dance. The issue occurs once those who dance lock back into the knee and add more stress on the knee joint and lower leg. Dancers who have knee hyperextension can suffer from muscle imbalance in the thigh, stress fractures on the tibia and shin splints. It is important to note that a home exercise regimen can help prevent dancers in preventing recurrent pain from knee hyperextension and dance instructors must encourage dancers not to lock their knees in order to avoid the condition from occurring.