It is important to note that the knee joint basically connects the upper leg to the lower leg and utilized in various physical activities. On the other hand, once the knee joint is overused, it can lead to inflammation that will eventually cause pain. There are common conditions that can trigger knee joint inflammation such as knee injuries, arthritis, bursitis and tears on the cartilage. The aim of first aid care is to reduce the inflammation so that pain is minimized while restoring the normal mobility of the affected knee.
Application of ice
The application of ice on an affected knee joint is effective in minimizing the inflammation in the knee. Once an ice pack is applied, it works by constricting the blood vessels in the knee and stops them from seeping fluid into the damaged joint. The ice pack or frozen vegetables must be applied on the affected knee for about 20 minutes at three to four times in a day. Additionally, ice must not be allowed to remain on the knee for more than 20 minutes since it can cause damage to the nerves and the surrounding skin. If you will enroll in a first aid course, you will learn the effectiveness of ice on soft tissue injuries.
When it comes to knee joint inflammation, the affected knee must be elevated. Always remember that elevation is highly effective in minimizing the inflammation of the joint since the gravity drains the fluids that might accumulate in the knee after the injury was sustained or flare-up of the knee condition. An individual experiencing swelling of the knee must elevate it on a pillow or cushion or allow him/her to lie back in a recliner. This must also be done when the individual is sleeping and often as possible throughout the day.
The inflammation of the knee can be controlled by taking medications such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). These medications can help minimize the pain and inflammation in the affected knee. Take note that NSAIDs are considered effective since they diminish the chemical signals in the knee that triggers pain and inflammation. Even though NSAIDs are available over-the-counter, they must be used under the supervision of a doctor if they are to be taken for more than a few days.
Individuals who have a history of stomach, liver or kidney problems are not advised to take NSAIDs. Additionally, those who are taking the medications must discontinue use and seek medical care if he/she has clay-colored stools, bloody vomitus, and dark-colored urine and heart problems.
In severe cases of knee joint inflammation, the doctor might recommend an injection of a corticosteroid drug into the swollen knee. These corticosteroids are strong anti-inflammatory medications that are injected directly into the knee capsule to help minimize the inflammation. Only three injections of the medication can be administered in a year in order to prevent unwanted side effects.