Once the toe cramps are harsh or manifests regularly, it can indicate a shortage of vital minerals or vitamins in the body. The muscle cramp can occur once one of the muscles involuntarily contracts in a strong manner and does not relax right away.
The toe cramps in the toes can last for a few seconds or up to 15 minutes or longer, resulting to severe pain and discomfort. Most cases of toe cramps do not require medical attention. Nevertheless, you should never self-treat a mineral or vitamin deficiency. Always seek medical advice from a doctor if the individual experiences frequent of severe cramping episodes. It is best to enroll in a course on first aid today so that you are prepared on what to do if an individual experiences toe cramps.
Potassium is an electrolyte mineral that helps conduct the electric impulses all over the body. It plays a vital role in maintaining the heartbeat but also affects smooth muscle contraction. Once the level of potassium is reduced, the individual can suffer from harsh muscle cramping that can affect the toes, feet, hands and legs.
Potassium deficiency is usually the result of excessive sweating or loss of potassium in the intestines or urine due to the intake of corticosteroids, insulin, antacids and diuretic medications. The dietary sources of potassium include orange juice, bananas and potatoes.
Vitamin D deficiency
The body could not manufacture vitamin D on its own. Consistent contact to direct UVB rays from the sun is required in order to manufacture cholecalciferol or vitamin D3 within the skin. Always bear in mind that vitamin D has an essential part in calcium absorption within the digestive tract. Once the individual lacks vitamin D, there is not enough calcium absorbed which can lead to a decrease in the level of calcium in the bloodstream. The low level of calcium can cause severe toe cramps. It is important to get enough sun exposure every day without using sunscreen products in order to avoid vitamin D deficiency. Always bear in mind that it does not occur naturally in many foods but one can still obtain vitamin D from breakfast cereals and fortified milk.
Calcium deficiency or hypocalcemia can lead to severe toe cramps. Always bear in mind that the calcium in the body is stored in the bones. On the other hand, the skeletal muscles and blood cells also need calcium in order to function properly. Once the calcium level drops, the parathyroid hormone is released which signals the bones to release calcium into the bloodstream. If the individual stays deficient in calcium for a long period, it can affect the heart and skeletal muscles, resulting to irregular heartbeat and severe muscle cramping. The causes of hypocalcemia include poor functioning of the parathyroid gland, certain medications, kidney disease, magnesium deficiency and vitamin D deficiency.
Most of the magnesium in the body is present in the muscle cells. A deficiency in magnesium can cause the level of vitamin D and calcium to drop, resulting to severe toe cramps. The deficiency can also be triggered by digestive issues that affect the absorption of nutrients, diabetes and alcoholism. Advanced age can also be factor. Always remember that magnesium occurs naturally in various foods include nuts, whole grains, spinach and bananas.