Allergies to peanut and peanut products particular peanut butter are considered as common food allergies and these allergies often manifest during a child’s first years. Even though some ultimately outgrow food allergies, most do not outgrow allergies to peanuts. Always bear in mind that peanut butter allergy is dangerous and can likely trigger anaphylaxis which is a severe allergic reaction.
What are the causes of peanut butter allergy?
An allergy is the response of the body to certain proteins that are present in food. A healthy immune system can easily defend the body against possible infections and can inactivate proteins present in most foods. On the other hand, if an individual has peanut butter allergy, the immune system reacts by releasing immunoglobulin E antibodies. Take note that the antibodies perceive the proteins present in peanuts as a threat and they gather in certain parts of the body especially in the skin, lungs and intestines.
What are the skin symptoms?
In most cases, an allergic reaction can start in a few minutes or a few hours after peanut butter is ingested and initially manifests on the skin surface. The common symptom of peanut butter allergy is hives which are elevated, red welts that are itchy. Another symptom that occurs on the skin is eczema which is described as itchy, rough red-colored patches on the skin.
An individual with peanut butter allergy can experience symptoms that are strikingly similar to asthma. It includes wheezing, sneezing, coughing and chest tightness. Additionally, the symptoms similar to allergic rhinitis can occur such as red watery eyes and runny or congested nose.
Allergies to peanut butter can cause several disturbances in the gastrointestinal tract. The symptoms include vomiting, nausea, abdominal cramps and diarrhea. Additionally, itchiness and redness can be noted around the mouth. The swelling, itchiness and tingling can also affect the interior of the mouth as well as the throat.
Individuals who are highly allergic to peanut butter can experience severe symptoms. During a severe allergic reaction, anaphylaxis can occur which is considered life-threatening. The symptoms include an abrupt drop in the blood pressure, rapid pulse and airway constriction. Even dizziness and loss of consciousness can occur.
Antihistamines can be used to counteract the symptoms of a mild allergic reaction. It is not strong enough for a severe reaction. Once an individual goes into anaphylactic shock, bring the individual directly to the hospital so that epinephrine can be administered. Individuals who are prone to a severe reaction usually bring an EpiPen wherever they go. By enrolling in a first aid class, you can learn how to use an injectable epinephrine during severe allergic reactions.
How to avoid peanut butter allergy
The best way to avoid an allergic reaction is to avoid the food entirely. You still have to be careful since peanut products are commonly used in food manufacturing. If an individual has peanut butter allergy, he/she must carefully read the food labels.