Antibiotics are potent drugs that are generally safe to use. These are useful in eliminating various diseases but can be detrimental in some instances.
Important facts about antibiotics
- Antibiotics can trigger side effects including allergic reactions and serious, potentially dangerous diarrhea due to the bacteria Clostridium difficile.
- The side effects of certain antibiotics are accountable for emergency department visits. The drug is the usual cause especially among children below 18 years old.
- If an individual uses an antibiotic that is not needed, he/she is unnecessarily exposed to the side effects of the drug and gain no benefit from it.
If an antibiotic is not needed, it might lead to the development of antibiotic resistance. Once resistance develops, antibiotics could not stop any future infections.
What are the side effects?
- Allergic reactions – the reactions can vary from minor rashes and itchiness to significant blistering skin, inflammation of the face and throat and even breathing issues.
- C. difficile – this is a type of bacteria that triggers diarrhea associated to at least thousands of deaths every year. If antibiotics are used, good bacteria that protects against infection are eliminated for several months. Throughout this period, one can end up sick with C. difficile.
Possible drug interactions
Always bear in mind that antibiotics can interact with other medications taken by the individual, thus making them or the antibiotics less effective. Some of the drug combinations can aggravate the side effects of the antibiotic or other medications.
The usual side effects of antibiotics include diarrhea, nausea and stomach pain. Oftentimes, these symptoms can result to dehydration and other issues. A doctor should be consulted about possible drug interactions and any side effects. Once any side effects start to arise, a doctor should be consulted right away.