Golfer’s elbow involves injury to the muscles the flex the fingers and wrist. The site of injury is the medial epicondyle which is bony protrusion on the interior of the elbow where the muscles are attached.
Generally, an individual with golfer’s elbow experiences pain during gripping motions or resisted flexion of the fingers or wrist. Discomfort also manifests if the muscles are stretched out. In most cases, there is tenderness over the bony epicondyle along with trigger points in the wrist flexor muscles.
The individual also has stiff neck and tenderness as well as indications of irritation of the median nerve. Generally, most of the elbow movements does not cause any pain but gripping can trigger discomfort.
How is it diagnosed
Golfer’s elbow is diagnosed by the doctor after checking the medical history and some tests. A MRI or ultrasound might be used to identify the presence of any tendon tears or inflammation.
Who are at risk?
The condition is prevalent among those who play golf. On the other hand, it is also prevalent in repetitive manual occupations where continuous gripping is involved.
Generally, the affected side is linked with handedness but can still occur in the non-dominant arm. Both males and females are equally affected.
Management of golfer’s elbow
In most cases, physiotherapy is considered effective in both short and long-term care of golfer’s elbow. The treatment is aimed on achieving the following:
- Reducing the elbow pain
- Promoting tissue repair
- Restoring the normal range of motion and function, muscle length, movement patterns and strength
The treatment typically includes gentle mobilization of the elbow and neck joints, strapping, electrotherapy, muscle stretching, massage and strengthening.
More Information / Disclaimer
The information posted on this page on golfer’s elbow is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize and manage this injury by taking a standard first aid course with Kelowna First Aid.