It is a known fact that most of us subject their feet to a lot of force in a daily basis. This will add stress on the 26 bones in every foot. Always bear in mind that the bone can break during accidents, overuse and a direct blow on the foot. The individual will notice a popping sound during the break along with swelling, redness, dislocation and localized piercing pain.
An individual with broken foot bones must have the injury treated so that the break can properly heal. If left untreated, the injury can lead to arthritis, bone deformities and chronic pain. You can learn how to properly manage this condition by enrolling in a first aid course today.
The initial step in treating broken foot bones is to allow the affected area to rest so that it can heal. The individual should rest the affected foot for a week or even months depending on the severity of the injury sustained.
In severe cases, the individual might require complete rest and crutches. In some cases, the individual is instructed to avoid activities that will worsen the symptoms. The doctor will request for an X-ray to determine the severity and precise location of the break so that appropriate treatment can be started. Those who sustained minor fractures who were able to seek medical care may be able to treat the injury with rest.
Medications and application of ice
Individuals who suffer from significant pain and swelling can be given over-the-counter pain and anti-inflammatory medications. If the individual suffers from severe pain, it would require prescription-strength medications. In most cases, medications can be combined along with the application of ice and elevation of the affected foot to help minimize the swelling.
Application of a cast or tape
An individual who has severely fractured toes would require taping of the damaged toe to the next one so that it can heal in the proper alignment. In case taping is needed, the doctor will recommend the use of wide or flat-heeled shoes to take away the pressure off the injury. Individuals who have peripheral neuropathy in the feet should not use taping. As for those with broken bones in the foot, they have to use a walking cast or boot until the bone completely heals.
When reduction is performed, it involves the manipulation of bones into their proper place if they are dislocated at the site of the break. The individual might be given pain medications or a general anesthetic. After the reduction, the individual should rest and immobilize the affected foot.
In rare cases of severely broken foot bones, surgery is required. The surgery involves placing the bone back into place with the help of screws or plates. The bones will heal and produce new growth at the surgical site. The recovery period will take weeks or months depending on the severity of the injury.