A partly torn ligament is called a sprain. The usual cause for sprains is a fall or a direct blow to the body that knocks a joint out of its proper position that can result to a partly torn ligament. The ligament is a dense fibrous band of tissue that connects one bone to another bone.
The ligaments are responsible for providing stability to a joint which enables smooth and regulated movement. As long as treatment is started early, the pain and swelling linked with a sprain can be drastically reduced.
An individual with a newly torn ligament must rest the affected joint. By allowing the joint to rest, it prevents further injury to the joint as well as allowing the healing process to start. On the other hand, the individual should start with light exercises using the affected limb as soon as he/she can tolerate it.
If an individual has a partly torn ligament in the ankle, it is recommended to start weight-bearing or walking using the affected ankle. This will prevent the ankle from stiffening and weakening over time. If needed, the individual can consult a doctor if physical therapy is required. By working with a physical therapist, the individual can be guided while performing exercises that increase the flexibility and strength of the affected joint.
Using cold is effective in managing a partly torn ligament after an injury. One way to make cold therapy effective is to apply an ice pack on the affected ligament for 10-15 minutes at 4 times a day for the initial 2 days.
After the application of ice, the affected ligament should be raised above the level of the heart to minimize the swelling. Just remember not to apply the ice pack directly on the skin to prevent frostbite. If an ice pack is not available, a pack of frozen vegetables can be used over a layer of cloth or paper towel. Remember that heat should not be applied on a torn ligament since it can increase the swelling which disrupts the healing process.
Medications for a torn ligament
There are over-the-counter medications that are effective in managing a partly torn ligament. The doctor might recommend non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to manage the symptoms which work by reducing the chemical signals linked to pain and inflammation.
The individual can be given an NSAID before a workout routine to minimize the pain and inflammation linked with activity with the affected joint. The medication used must be used as directed to prevent serious side effects that include kidney, heart, liver and stomach issues. Make sure that a doctor is consulted if the symptoms do not improve after 2-3 days.