There are a number of first aid measures that you can readily perform such as caring for a minor wound or providing pain relief to a headache. As for an emergency, doing the right steps and measures can mean the difference between life and death. Remember that saving lives is a mindset. It is vital to know what to do and not afraid to act. With the exception of using an epinephrine auto-injector, the following first aid skills do not require specialized tools. All you need is fast thinking along with rapid action.
CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation)
When it comes to cardiac arrest, it is a condition that paramedics call as “death” where the heart no longer pumps blood. Regardless of the exact cause, there is only a single outcome if cardiac arrest is not properly treated with CPR.
Being familiar on how to perform CPR can help save a life. You can enroll in a first aid class in your area so that you are prepared.
Using an epinephrine auto-injector (EpiPen)
Anaphylaxis is basically a severe allergic reaction that is capable of killing millions of individuals every year. Whether the individual is allergic to shellfish, bees or peanuts, anaphylaxis can rapidly progress to a life-threatening condition if not treated right away. The ideal way to stop this severe reaction is to utilize an EpiPen.
When an individual is choking on a piece of food, rapid action must be taken to save the life of the individual. You have to take immediate action with enough force to clear the airway of the individual. If you want to learn more about the Heimlich maneuver, all you have to do is look for a first aid class in your area so that you are prepared to help out a choking individual.
Helping a choking infant
Infants are different than older children and adults, thus for children below 12 months old, removing an obstruction in the airway has a number of options which is good since infants are more likely to have an obstruction in the first place. Once a child ends up with an object in the airway, you have to be ready to help out using the appropriate measures.
First aid for bleeding
When it comes to bleeding, there are two steps that can help keep it under control – elevation and pressure. It is sad to note though that some might not be able to control one due to various reasons. As a basic first aid measure, direct application of pressure over the bleeding cut or wound is the initial step to control the gush of blood.
Once a large amount of blood has been lost, this is followed for low blood pressure. Even though high blood pressure is undesirable and capable of killing in a few years, low blood pressure can kill in just a matter of minutes. If you were not able to control the bleeding rapidly, you are required to treat the individual for shock.
Treatment for heat stroke
A vital step in managing heat stroke is to recognize one in the first place. Exposure to dry, hot weather while engaging in strenuous activities can trigger the development of symptoms. Once the symptoms are present, you have to call for emergency assistance and while waiting, try to cool the individual.