It is important to note that gout is a form of arthritis that triggers joint pain, especially the big toe. This condition typically occurs due to the increased production of uric acid in the body that transforms into crystals and builds-up into the joints in the body. This condition affects millions of individuals all over the world and affects more males than females. The management of a gout attack involves diet modifications, therapy and medications.
Heat therapy can be used to help reduce the pain around the joints during a gout attack. You can utilize a heating pad on the affected joint, swim in a heated pool or take a warm bath. These are beneficial in providing warmth to the affected joint to facilitate the reduction of pain.
Gout is known to cause severe joint pain during an attack. The use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen can help reduce the pain and inflammation triggered by a gout attack. The use of additional medications such as corticosteroids can help manage the pain from an attack.
Corticosteroids can be given in various forms such as pills or as an injection administered directly into the joint. Colchicine is a prescription medication that helps reduce the pain linked with gout.
Those who are suffering from gout should spend time with an exercise routine at least 30 minutes every day at 5 days in a week to help lessen the symptoms of gout. Exercise along with reduced caloric intake can help reduce the body weight as well as decrease obesity which is a risk factor for gout.
Changes in the diet can help reduce the symptoms of gout. Some of the changes include eating foods that are rich in fiber such as beans and potatoes as well as increasing the intake of antioxidant foods such as cherries, blueberries and squash.
Those who suffer from gout should avoid foods that are packed with purines. The foods high in purines include yeast, organ meat and anchovies. These are known to increase the production of uric acid in the body. Avoidance of alcohol is vital for controlling the level of uric acid in the body. Combining purine-rich foods with alcohol can reduce the ability of the kidneys to eliminate excess uric acid from the body. During an attack, the individual should drink at least 8-16 cups of fluid.
Even with lifestyle changes and diet modifications, some individuals can suffer from chronic issues with gout. The use of daily medications such as colchicine can help reduce the level of uric acid in the body which decreases the frequency of the attacks. The treatment for medical conditions that increase the risk for gout is vital for managing the condition.
Certain medical conditions such as hardening of the blood vessels and high blood pressure increases the risk of developing gout. Proper control of these conditions can help reduce the symptoms of gout but medications utilized to manage these such as aspirin can also increase the uric acid levels.