Wounds usually include injuries that require stitches and sutures as part of the medical care. As for large-sized wounds from injuries that are gaping or deep, it would require immediate medical attention. Nevertheless, minor cuts or abrasions are not serious and you can easily care for them at home with first aid measures. It is important to properly take care of wounds in order to prevent infection from developing. With proper wound binding, it will help keep a wound clean and promote faster healing.
Steps on proper wound binding
- Wash your hands first using warm water and soap for 15-30 seconds. Make sure that the area under your nails is also clean. Properly rinse your hands and dry using a clean towel.
- The wound must be rinsed carefully using water.
- Apply pressure on the wound using clean gauze to stop the bleeding. Apply additional bandages if the first bandage is completely soaked with blood.
- Apply an antibiotic ointment to the affected area to prevent infection from developing.
- Place clean gauze on the wound once the bleeding slows down or completely stops. This time you have to use a clean, dry bandage.
- The used materials must be properly disposed and wash your hands carefully.
- If the individual is due for a tetanus booster, he/she must get a shot.
Binding of surgical wounds
- The surgical wound must be kept dry and clean during the initial 24 hours. Do not forget to replace the bandages after the first 24 hours.
- Before handling the wound, wash your hands with warm water and soap for 15-30 seconds as well as cleaning the area beneath your nails. Rinse properly and dry using a clean towel.
- The tape must be loosened and pull off gently the dressing from the surgical wound. You can pour water on the dressing if it is sticking on the wound. Properly dispose of the old dressing and wash your hands again.
- Clean the wound using the prescribed cleaning solution by your doctor such as mild soapy water or saline solution. Avoid using hydrogen peroxide or alcohol. You have to soak gauze in saline solution or water and gently dab on the wound. Wipe away carefully any drainage and blood that has dried.
- Apply dry gauze on the surgical wound and carefully wrap it using a new bandage.
- Instruct the individual to avoid wearing tight clothing against the wound and limit the movement of the affected area to prevent rubbing and promote faster healing.
- Old dressing must be properly disposed and wash your hands thoroughly.
Important considerations during wound binding
During wound binding, your first aid kit must be properly stocked with all the essentials. It is best to seek medical care if needed especially in cases in which a body part is cut off or wounds inflicted by animals.
Even though redness is considered normal around the wound, you have to call a doctor if it starts to spread more than half an inch away from the wound. If there is drainage of pus, seek medical care.