Clothing allergy is considered as a common form of injury. A reaction is typically triggered by the glues, textile dyes, chemical additives and formaldehyde finishing resins present in the fabric.
An allergic reaction generally results to a form of skin inflammation called as allergic contact dermatitis. A doctor should be consulted if the individual ends up with an allergic skin inflammation so that a proper diagnosis and treatment can be started.
What are the causes of an allergic reaction to clothing?
An allergic reaction to clothing is typically caused by the dyes, glues, chemical additives, formaldehyde finishing resins and tanning agents that were used in the processing of the fabric.
The fabric or clothing that has been contaminated by grease, oil, pitch, creosote or coal tar can instigate an allergic reaction such as acne or folliculitis.
Urushiol is a form of oil present in oak and ivy plants. Once the oil is exposed to clothing, allergic contact dermatitis can develop. The metallic dust particles including arsenic trioxide and antimony trioxide can stick on the clothes and trigger the skin condition as well as reddened, elevated and blistering lesions.
The waistbands and brassieres utilized in pants and underwear can trigger allergic contact dermatitis in areas that were exposed to them.
What are the signs?
Allergic contact dermatitis is one of the usual indications of an allergic reaction to clothing. It causes swelling, redness and inflammation of the skin as well as raised, itchy blistering lesions.
The blisters might break and drain fluids that forms crusts which makes the skin scaly. Continuous itchiness and inflammation can cause the skin to darken and eventually cracked and leathery.
Take note that acne and folliculitis can develop from oil contamination from clothes. The indications of folliculitis include pimples, itchiness and rash close to the hair follicles that were exposed to the fabric.
If the individual is allergic to clothing, the ideal treatment is avoidance. A doctor should be consulted regarding allergy testing to figure out the specific additive responsible for the allergic reaction.
Calcineurin and topical corticosteroids might be suggested by the doctor to lessen the itchiness and skin rashes. In addition, antihistamines are also effective in reducing the redness, itchiness and inflammation.