A broken jaw can cause a variety of signs. The jaw might be driven out of its position which is called as dislocation or damaged on the lower region which is known as a fracture.
Once the jaw is fractured, there are 2 points of breakage – direct damage from an injury and indirect where the jaw is damaged again farther away from the site of impact. In both cases, it can cause intense jaw pain and result to poor healing if not fixed.
What are the causes?
If the individual recently endured an injury or trauma to the face, it is the usual cause for the injury. Generally, facial trauma is the usual cause for a broken jaw. Being involved in a fight, vehicular accident, sports injury or fall can put one at risk for ending up with a damaged jaw.
Common signs of a broken jaw
- The individual has a broken jaw if the bite feels off when closing or the jaw could not be opened widely.
- The visible signs of bruising and swelling might arise. There might be protrusions on the sides of the jaw such as bumps or lumps.
- The pain level becomes worse if the individual tries to chew or bite.
- Numbness of the face especially on the lower lip
What should I do?
If a broken jaw is suspected, it is recommended to restrict movement as much as possible until medical treatment can be sought. Place a bandage around the head to limit movement.
Seek medical care right away if an individual is suspected with a broken jaw. If not treated, it increases the risk for infection in the jaw region and even cause the individual to breathe food or blood into the lungs. Remember that this can be dangerous and increases the possibility of further damage to the jaw.
Quick Note / Disclaimer
The material posted on this page on a broken jaw is for learning and educational purposes only. To learn to recognize the signs of damage, register for a first aid and CPR course with Kelowna First Aid.