Acute gastritis is defined by irritation and inflammation in the stomach leading to erosion of the stomach lining. The condition is caused by a variety of factors such as bacterial or viral infection, using aspirin and other NSAIDs and even cancer.
The inflammation arises abruptly and trigger digestive issues. Remember that individuals of all ages and gender can end up with acute gastritis.
What are the risk factors?
Some of the risk factors for the condition might include:
- Use of NSAIDs and aspirin
- Alcohol consumption
- Helicobacter pylori infection
- Ingestion of foods containing large amounts of nitrates and nitrites (smoked foods)
- Major surgical procedure
- Liver or kidney failure
- Respiratory failure
What are the indications?
In most cases, the usual signs of acute gastritis include:
- Abdominal pain
- Dark-colored stools
- Abdominal bloating or distention
- Burning sensation in the stomach between meals
- Vomiting blood
- Appetite loss
Management of acute gastritis
The treatment for acute gastritis is based on the underlying cause. Some of the commonly used treatment options include:
- Antacids and other drugs that neutralize the stomach acid.
- Medications that lower the production of gastric acid such as proton pump inhibitors, especially if the symptoms become worse.
- Avoiding spicy and hot foods.
- If caused by the H. pylori infection, antibiotics are prescribed together with acid-blocking medications.
- Modification of the diet by eliminating any irritating foods.