Archive | June, 2017

Overview on gastroenteritis

Gastroenteritis involves tenderness of the gastrointestinal tract. The condition is often referred as the “stomach flu” even if it is not directly linked to influenza. The condition can be brought about by viruses, bacteria or parasites. The viral type is considered contagious and responsible for most outbreaks in developed countries. The usual routes of infection […]

What is dilated cardiomyopathy?

Dilated cardiomyopathy is a common form of non-ischemic cardiomyopathy. If an individual has this condition, the ability of the heart to pump blood is reduced since the left ventricle is dilated, enlarged and weak. Initially, the heart chambers respond by stretching to be able to pump more blood throughout the body. This strengthens the contraction […]

What is bacterial endocarditis?

Bacterial endocarditis develops once bacteria enters the bloodstream and attacks the lining of the heart valves. This results to growths on the valves and produces toxins and enzymes that destroy the tissue, resulting to holes on the valve and spreads to the heart and blood vessels. The potential complications include embolism, heart block, leaky valve […]

Close look on a concussion

A concussion is a minor form of traumatic brain injury brought about by a blow, knock or strike to the head. The abrupt movement forces the brain to bounce around or twist within the skull. This results to the stretching and damage to the brain cells and chemical changes in the brain. A blow or […]

Close look on common cold

The common cold is a transmissible upper respiratory infection brought about by a virus. Remember that there are hundreds of viruses capable of causing the ailment. Indications Sneezing Runny nose Cough Headache Sore throat Nasal congestion Fever especially among children It is important to note that these symptoms generally arise 2-3 days after being infected […]

What is carotid artery disease?

Carotid artery disease involves constriction of the carotid arteries, mostly due to atherosclerosis. It is important to note that atherosclerosis is the accumulation of cholesterol, fat and other substances such as proteins, inflammatory cells, calcium and cellular waste products. These substances adhere to the walls of the blood vessels over time as one starts to […]

Overview on ascites

Ascites involves the accumulation of abnormal fluid within the abdomen. This is a common issue among individuals with liver cirrhosis. Around 80% of individuals with liver cirrhosis end up with ascites. It is important to note that ascites is the outcome of a sequence of events. Liver cirrhosis is the usual cause. Once cirrhosis develops, […]

What are arachnoid cysts?

Arachnoid cysts are sacs occupied by cerebrospinal fluid that are found amidst the spinal cord or brain and the arachnoid membrane. Primary – these are already present at birth and form due to developmental irregularities in the spinal cord and brain during the early weeks of gestation Secondary – these develop from a head injury, […]

Overview on safety considerations on antibiotics

Antibiotics are potent drugs that are generally safe to use. These are useful in eliminating various diseases but can be detrimental in some instances. Important facts about antibiotics Antibiotics can trigger side effects including allergic reactions and serious, potentially dangerous diarrhea due to the bacteria Clostridium difficile. The side effects of certain antibiotics are accountable […]